This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Ilamtops Low bowl barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Ilamtops Low bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1008971

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ilam

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Nov-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Nov-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22413

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite slight mutilation of the monument and limited antiquarian investigation, Ilamtops Low bowl barrow survives well. This investigation located human and faunal remains together with pottery and artefacts of bronze and flint. Further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Ilamtops Low bowl barrow located on the crest of a prominent hill 150m south-east of Hill Top Farm. It survives as an oval earth and stone mound mutilated on its southern side by quarrying and measuring up to 2.7m high with maximum dimensions of 28m by 21m. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound located a rock cut grave containing a fill of stones amongst which were a child's skull and scattered bones of an adult. At the base of the grave was a layer of charcoal, an oak timber and an ox skull. Elsewhere in the grave were the remains of two urns, a bronze awl, bones of deer and dog, and a few flints. The drystone wall on the barrow's north-east side is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

National Grid Reference: SK 13584 52664

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008971 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 07:29:37.

End of official listing