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Two bowl barrows 365m south of Hillside

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 365m south of Hillside

List entry Number: 1008975

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Warslow and Elkstones

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22416

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some mutilation of the northerly mound the two bowl barrows south of Hillside survive reasonably well. The monument is a rare survival in Staffordshire of two bowl barrows in such close proximity. Limited antiquarian investigation at these barrows located human and faunal remains together with artefacts of flint and bronze, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mounds and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows located on the highest point of a ridge 350m and 380m south of Hillside. The northerly barrow survives as a partly mutilated oval earth and clay mound up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of 24m by 19m. Limited antiquarian investigation across the centre of the mound located a contracted adult inhumation laid upon a thin layer of ashes on the old ground surface. Elsewhere in the trench a cremation, flint artefacts, a bronze awl, unburnt human bones and two animal teeth were found. The southerly barrow survives as an oval earthen mound up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 28m by 23m. Limited antiquarian investigation immediately north of the mound's centre located a rock-cut grave measuring 2.75m by 1.2m containing a contracted adult inhumation. Nearby was a large sandstone with a cupmark. Above the grave, upon the old ground surface, was a decayed child inhumation together with a large boar's tusk and some flints. Close to the barrow's surface was a deposit of calcined bones, pottery sherds and burnt flint artefacts. An Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar situated on the northerly barrow is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included, as is the land between the two barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

National Grid Reference: SK 05158 58556

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008975 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:22:36.

End of official listing