Round cairn on The Roaches

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009042

Date first listed: 19-Nov-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on The Roaches
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Leekfrith

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 00107 63891

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000 - 700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure called a cist, let into the old ground surface or set within the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups, or in large cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. Despite visitor erosion to the monument's surface, the cairn on The Roaches survives well. It is a rare survival in the Peak District of an unexcavated example of this class of monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn located on The Roaches at the highest point of a ridge. It is an oval mound of gritstone boulders and earth up to 2.5m high with maximum dimensions of 14.5m by 12.5m. The cairn has been added to the eastern side of a natural outcrop. It is not known to have been excavated. An Ordnance Survey triangulation column on the monument's summit is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22441

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SMR No 4087, Staffs SMR, Barrow, The Roaches,

End of official listing