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Two hlaews at Haslin House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two hlaews at Haslin House

List entry Number: 1009098

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: High Peak

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Jan-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13374

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Hlaews are pre-Christian burial monuments of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and may be found singly or in small groups. Typically they are constructed of earth and usually comprise a low hemispherical mound or a combination of mound, inner ditch and outer bank covering one or more burials which may be inhumations, cremations or both. Most hlaews contain rich grave-goods, indicating the high status of the occupants, and these goods date Anglian hlaews to the late sixth and seventh centuries AD and Viking hlaews to the ninth century. There are only between fifty and sixty authenticated hlaews recorded nationally, with particular concentrations in the Peak District and Wiltshire. They are one of a restricted range of monuments from the Anglian and Viking periods and contain evidence not only of burial customs and craft skills but also of colonisation and settlement patterns. Because of this, and due to their extreme rarity, all surviving hlaews are considered to be of national importance. Although the northernmost of the two hlaews at Haslin House has been partially disturbed by excavation, the monument is reasonably intact and retains significant archaeological remains. The southernmost hlaew is previously unrecorded and is therefore a rare survival of an undisturbed Anglian barrow. Archaeological remains preserving the relationship between the two barrows survive in the area between them, which may also contain flat graves of the same period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Haslin House is situated in the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes two hlaews, or Anglian barrows, located c.10m apart above a steep north-facing slope. The northernmost of these is a roughly circular bowl-shaped mound measuring 14m by 13m and standing 0.7m high. This was partially excavated in 1850, by Thomas Bateman and found to be of earthen construction and to contain a small central cairn over a rock-cut grave in which was placed an extended inhumation which had been buried either in a wooden coffin or surrounded by wooden planks. The southernmost hlaew has not been excavated and is similar in appearance to the hlaew at Benty Grange. It consists of a low central mound measuring 5m by 6m and standing c.0.3m high, surrounded by a shallow ditch measuring 2m wide by c.0.2m deep. Around the ditch is a low bank measuring between 1m and 1.5m wide by 0.2m high. The overall diameter is c.12m. Both barrows date to the seventh century AD.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 65-6
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 26

National Grid Reference: SK 06251 70540

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009098 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:05:53.

End of official listing