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Wyaston hlaew

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wyaston hlaew

List entry Number: 1009099

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Edlaston and Wyaston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Nov-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Jan-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13373

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Hlaews are pre-Christian burial monuments of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and may be found singly or in small groups. Typically they are constructed of earth and usually comprise a low hemispherical mound or a combination of mound, inner ditch and outer bank covering one or more burials which may be inhumations, cremations or both. Most hlaews contain rich grave-goods, indicating the high status of the occupants, and these goods date Anglian hlaews to the late sixth and seventh centuries AD and Viking hlaews to the ninth century. There are only between fifty and sixty authenticated hlaews recorded nationally, with particular concentrations in the Peak District and Wiltshire. They are one of a restricted range of monuments from the Anglian and Viking periods and contain evidence not only of burial customs and craft skills but also of colonisation and settlement patterns. Because of this, and due to their extreme rarity, all surviving hlaews are considered to be of national importance. Although disturbed by ploughing and partial excavation, Wyaston hlaew is reasonably well preserved and retains significant archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Wyaston hlaew, or Anglian barrow, is situated on the southern fringes of the Derbyshire Peak District. The monument includes a bowl-shaped mound measuring 27m by 22.5m and surviving to a height of c.0.75m. Originally, the barrow was more uniformly circular and somewhat higher; but ploughing has lowered its profile and distorted its shape. In 1852, Samuel Carrington carried out a partial excavation of the site and recovered human teeth, which were all that survived of a skeleton, accompanied by a necklace of twenty-seven beads, a finger ring of knotted silver wire, silver earrings and a circular brooch. Five of the beads of the necklace were amber while the rest were red or white porcelain variegated with blue, red and yellow. The artefacts indicate that the barrow was constructed during the seventh century AD and that the occupant was probably female.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 188-9
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 33-4
Meaney, A L S, Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites, (1964)
Fowler, M J, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in The Anglian Settlement of the Derbys-Staffs. Peak District, , Vol. 74, (1954), 134-51
Ozanne, A, 'Medieval Archaeology' in The Peak Dwellers, , Vol. 6/7, (1962), 15-52

National Grid Reference: SK 19110 42013

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009099 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 03:33:08.

End of official listing