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Ring cairn on Slipper Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Ring cairn on Slipper Hill

List entry Number: 1009112

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Burnley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Worsthorne-with-Hurstwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Nov-1928

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jun-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23723

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

Despite a combination of limited antiquarian investigation and some robbing of material from the ring bank, the ring cairn on Slipper Hill survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist at this monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a ring cairn located on Slipper Hill a short distance south west of Hell Clough. It includes a slightly oval ring of six stones which originally formed part of a ring bank. These stones, the largest of which is 0.45m wide by 0.2m high, enclose an area measuring 11.7m NNE-SSW by 10.4m ENE-WSW. Limited antiquarian investigation of the monument in 1887 located calcined human bones.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnes, B, Man and the changing landscape, (1982), 100
'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in Proceedings - Stone Circles at Entwistle and Turton, , Vol. II, (1893), 158
Other
FMW Report, Capstick, B, Ring Mound and Stone Circle on Slipper Hill, (1993)
Title: Blackburn, Burnley & surrounding area Source Date: 1988 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Landranger 103

National Grid Reference: SD 88459 32764

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009112 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 04:38:14.

End of official listing