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Saucer barrow 90m east of Ell Clough

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Saucer barrow 90m east of Ell Clough

List entry Number: 1009116

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Burnley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Briercliffe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Nov-1928

Date of most recent amendment: 26-Jul-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23727

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Saucer barrows are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and l200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre, the saucer barrow 90m east of Ell Clough survives reasonably well and is a rare example of this class of monument in north west England. This investigation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a saucer barrow located in the bend of a track on enclosed moorland 90m east of Ell Clough. It includes a circular mound of earth and stones 14m in diameter and up to 0.4m high which is surrounded by a ditch 1.5m wide by 0.2m deep. Flanking this ditch is an outer bank measuring up to 2.5m wide and 0.2m-1m high. At the centre of the mound there is a circular hollow 2.5m in diameter by 0.25m deep which marks the site of a limited antiquarian excavation undertaken in 1887 during which charcoal and burnt human bones were found.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnes, B, Man and the changing landscape, (1982), 100
'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in Proceedings-Stone Circles and Ancient Relicts at Extwistle, , Vol. II, (1893), 159
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fancy Barrows, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SD 90200 34124

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009116 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 08:24:14.

End of official listing