Pike Stones chambered long cairn


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009120.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Jan-2021 at 03:22:27.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Chorley (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SD 62699 17191

Reasons for Designation

Chambered tombs are funerary monuments constructed and used during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They comprise linear mounds of stone covering one or more stone-lined burial chambers. With other types of long barrow they form the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly within the present landscape. Where investigated, chambered tombs appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. The number of burials placed within the tombs suggests they were used over a considerable period of time and that they were important ritual sites for local communities. Some 300 chambered tombs are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as upstanding monuments, and due to their rarity, their considerable age and longevity as a monument type, all chambered tombs are considered to be nationally important.

Despite removal of much of the covering cairn and evidence of modern surface disturbance, Pike Stones chambered long cairn survives reasonably well. It retains an internal burial chamber and other constructional features including evidence for the entrance or forecourt which provided access into the monument. Being the only known chambered long cairn in Lancashire, Pike Stones is an unusual outlier to the main regional groupings of such megalithic monuments; these lying mainly further south, in Wales or the Cotswold-Severn areas, or further north in south western or western Scotland.


The monument includes the Pike Stones Neolithic chambered long cairn. It is located on a low ridge on a lower extension of the main gritstone mass of Anglezarke Moor and commands extensive views in all directions except the north east. It includes a chambered long cairn which has a low elongated mound of gritstones and glacial erratics up to 0.4m high which is aligned almost north-south and measures a maximum of 48m long by 19m wide at the northern end and 14m wide at the southern end, but widens at the centre due to a combination of disturbance and slippage to approximately 29m. At the wider northern end the cairn consists of a double wall, the outer of slightly larger stones than the inner, both curving across the northern end and inwards to form an entrance or forecourt. This entrance gives access into the cairn's interior where, towards the northern end, there are remains of an inner burial chamber slightly out of alignment with the cairn's longer axis. This chamber is constructed of large gritstone slabs, measures c.4.5m long by 1m wide, and would originally have been roofed with horizontal slabs and covered by the gritstone rubble of the cairn. The surviving slabs are five in number and measure 1.6m-2.7m long by 0.15m-0.45m thick and stand to a maximum height of 1.3m. There are two at the east side, one at the west side, a transverse slab at the inner end and what is probably a fallen capstone. Around the inner end of this chamber is a roughly circular area of stones approximately 25m in diameter and larger than those in the general matrix of the cairn. This feature suggests the original presence of some form of circular structure behind the chamber or around part of it similar to that found at chambered cairns in the Gloucestershire area. In the southern part of the cairn some regularities in the stones can be seen; some, in lines parallel to the long axis, are perhaps constructional details, but others, in particular a group near to the eastern edge, are thought to represent some form of internal structure which is not presently understood.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Bulock, J D, 'Trans Lancs and Chesh Antiq Soc' in The Pikestones: A Chambered Long Cairn of Neolithic Type, , Vol. 68, (1958), 143-5
Lynch, F, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in , , Vol. XXXII, (1966)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Long Cairns, (1989)


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].