Long barrow 100m north of Oldfield Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009161

Date first listed: 18-Jan-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 100m north of Oldfield Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Avening

National Grid Reference: ST 86101 98714

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Despite reduction in its height by cultivation, the long barrow 100m north of Oldfield Wood survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This monument forms part of a wider group of long barrows commonly referred to as the Cotswold Severn type, named after the area in which they occur.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow situated on a plateau 100m north of Oldfield Wood in an area of the Cotswold Hills. The monument has a mound composed of small stones. It is orientated south east to north west, with maximum dimensions of 44m by 30m and a maxmimum height of c.0.45m. The mound is now crossed by a stone boundary wall orientated north east to south west, 17m from the western end of the barrow. On the western side of the boundary wall the mound has a maximum height of c.0.25m. Flanking the mound on either side is a quarry ditch from which material was taken during the construction of the monument. These ditches are no longer visible at ground level as they have become infilled over the years, although they will survive as buried features c.5m wide. Excluded from the scheduling are the fence posts relating to the field boundary, although the drystone wall and the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22910

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Mention of interpretation by Witts,

End of official listing