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Long barrow 100m north of Oldfield Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 100m north of Oldfield Wood

List entry Number: 1009161

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Avening

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Jan-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Aug-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22910

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Despite reduction in its height by cultivation, the long barrow 100m north of Oldfield Wood survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This monument forms part of a wider group of long barrows commonly referred to as the Cotswold Severn type, named after the area in which they occur.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow situated on a plateau 100m north of Oldfield Wood in an area of the Cotswold Hills. The monument has a mound composed of small stones. It is orientated south east to north west, with maximum dimensions of 44m by 30m and a maxmimum height of c.0.45m. The mound is now crossed by a stone boundary wall orientated north east to south west, 17m from the western end of the barrow. On the western side of the boundary wall the mound has a maximum height of c.0.25m. Flanking the mound on either side is a quarry ditch from which material was taken during the construction of the monument. These ditches are no longer visible at ground level as they have become infilled over the years, although they will survive as buried features c.5m wide. Excluded from the scheduling are the fence posts relating to the field boundary, although the drystone wall and the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Mention of interpretation by Witts,

National Grid Reference: ST 86101 98714

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009161 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 01:27:03.

End of official listing