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East Witton camp slight univallate hillfort

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: East Witton camp slight univallate hillfort

List entry Number: 1009321

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Richmondshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: East Witton

National Park: YORKSHIRE DALES

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jan-1947

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Jan-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24484

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. In view of the rarity of slight univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all examples which survive comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

Despite limited damage and disturbance caused by quarrying and ploughing, East Witton camp survives reasonably well.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This generally well preserved and strongly fortified univallate hillfort is situated on a north facing slope on Braithwaite Banks. It is defended on all sides except the east by a rampart and outer ditch with a slight outer or counterscarp bank on the north and west sides. The banks are constructed with a stone core and have two entrances, one at the north west corner and the other of more modern appearance in the south side. This latter entrance has been revetted on its west side with large boulders. The east side has been infilled and widened to take a modern track and has a width of 4.6m. A sub-rectangular inner enclosure is defined by the ditch and rampart and situated towards the south east corner of the main work. It encloses an area measuring approximately 45m square with an entrance on the west side. The area has, however, been ploughed out at some time and the extent is now barely discernible. Only in the southern section are rampart and ditch prominent. Here the rampart is 1.8m high and the ditch 1.3m deep. These fade out on the north and east sides and only faint traces remain. Some damage has been caused to the site from quarrying above Red Beck Gill which has encroached upon the south east corner of the outer rampart. The south west outer rampart is also slightly mutilated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SE 11986 85407

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 09:45:46.

End of official listing