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The Weather Hill multiperiod landscape and associated linear earthworks

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Weather Hill multiperiod landscape and associated linear earthworks

List entry Number: 1009337

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Collingbourne Ducis

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Fittleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-May-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10051

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Well preserved prehistoric field systems are rare nationally. They provide important evidence of a carefully planned organisation of the landscape and definition of landholdings. The significance of the Weather Hill field systems is considerably enhanced by their association with a major boundary earthwork and several prehistoric funerary monuments each deemed to be nationally important in their own right.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an expanse of "Celtic" field system on a south-west facing slope. It is limited to the east by a linear earthwork which articulates with a pair of east-west linear earthworks and a further north-south earthwork aligned on Sidbury Hill. Several other monuments are incorporated in the constraint area. 1 - An area of field system with well preserved banks and ditches, with lynchets c.1.8m high. It is enclosed by a contemporary boundary ditch/drove road. It is in good condition although there is some vehicle damage. 2 - A bowl barrow that can not now be located. Excavations in the 19th century produced Romano-British coins and pottery and Bronze Age and pottery. (SU19535120) 3 - A boundary ditch with a bank on the west, c.10m overall width. It bounds the southern sides of a field system, and is connected to an extensive system of earthworks connected with Sidbury Hill. There is damage at the junction with a linear earthwork to the east. 4 - A long barrow c.43m north-east/south-west axis and c.37 wide. Only traces of the side ditches remain and the mound has been damaged by vehicles. Several partial excavations in the 19th century revealed inhumations. (SU19885166) 5 - A ring ditch in old grassland, located using air photographs. (SU1932513O) 6 - A small area of field system located on a downland spur. 7 - A large boundary earthwork of ditch/bank/ditch construction extending northwards from Sidbury Hill. This section has some vehicle damage. 8 - A boundary ditch with a bank to the southern side branching from the north-south boundary earthwork. The feature curves southwards to skirt a barrow which may have acted as a marker. 9 - A boundary ditch with a bank on the north which almost joins the north- south boundary earthwork. There is some vehicle damage. 10 - A badly damaged disc barrow called "Large Druid Barrow" cut on the east by the later north-south earthwork. Although damaged a possible site is just traceable on the ground. (SU21335124) 11 - A ditched bowl barrow with an overall diameter of c.30m. The barrow has been damaged by military activity. (SU20725158)

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

National Grid Reference: SU 20300 51739

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009337 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 06:58:55.

End of official listing