The Weather Hill multiperiod landscape and associated linear earthworks

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009337

Date first listed: 22-May-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of The Weather Hill multiperiod landscape and associated linear earthworks
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 15:18:34.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Collingbourne Ducis

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Fittleton

National Grid Reference: SU 20300 51739

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Well preserved prehistoric field systems are rare nationally. They provide important evidence of a carefully planned organisation of the landscape and definition of landholdings. The significance of the Weather Hill field systems is considerably enhanced by their association with a major boundary earthwork and several prehistoric funerary monuments each deemed to be nationally important in their own right.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an expanse of "Celtic" field system on a south-west facing slope. It is limited to the east by a linear earthwork which articulates with a pair of east-west linear earthworks and a further north-south earthwork aligned on Sidbury Hill. Several other monuments are incorporated in the constraint area. 1 - An area of field system with well preserved banks and ditches, with lynchets c.1.8m high. It is enclosed by a contemporary boundary ditch/drove road. It is in good condition although there is some vehicle damage. 2 - A bowl barrow that can not now be located. Excavations in the 19th century produced Romano-British coins and pottery and Bronze Age and pottery. (SU19535120) 3 - A boundary ditch with a bank on the west, c.10m overall width. It bounds the southern sides of a field system, and is connected to an extensive system of earthworks connected with Sidbury Hill. There is damage at the junction with a linear earthwork to the east. 4 - A long barrow c.43m north-east/south-west axis and c.37 wide. Only traces of the side ditches remain and the mound has been damaged by vehicles. Several partial excavations in the 19th century revealed inhumations. (SU19885166) 5 - A ring ditch in old grassland, located using air photographs. (SU1932513O) 6 - A small area of field system located on a downland spur. 7 - A large boundary earthwork of ditch/bank/ditch construction extending northwards from Sidbury Hill. This section has some vehicle damage. 8 - A boundary ditch with a bank to the southern side branching from the north-south boundary earthwork. The feature curves southwards to skirt a barrow which may have acted as a marker. 9 - A boundary ditch with a bank on the north which almost joins the north- south boundary earthwork. There is some vehicle damage. 10 - A badly damaged disc barrow called "Large Druid Barrow" cut on the east by the later north-south earthwork. Although damaged a possible site is just traceable on the ground. (SU21335124) 11 - A ditched bowl barrow with an overall diameter of c.30m. The barrow has been damaged by military activity. (SU20725158)

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10051

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

End of official listing