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Long barrow 250m south of Ellen's Lodge in Shilcott Wood on the Ditchley Park Estate

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 250m south of Ellen's Lodge in Shilcott Wood on the Ditchley Park Estate

List entry Number: 1009424

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Spelsbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Sep-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21836

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow south of Ellen's Lodge in Shilcott Wood survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built. This is an example of a group of long barrows known collectively as the Cotswold Severn tombs, named after the area in which they occur.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow 250m south of Ellen's Lodge in Shilcott Wood on the Ditchley Park Estate. It is situated on a slight ridge running from east to west. The barrow mound, which is orientated north east to south west, measures 26m long, 14m wide and stands up to 1m high. The south western end of the mound has a flat facade while the mound tails off to the north east, indicating that the front of the barrow faced west. This end has been partially reduced and spread in the past but survives to a height of 0.5m. Flanking either side of the barrow mound was a quarry ditch, from which material was obtained during the construction of the mound. These are no longer visible at ground level but will survive as buried features c.4m wide and separated from the sides of the mound by a c.2m wide berm.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
PRN 11,861, C.A.O., Mound in Shilctt Wood, Ditchley, (1976)
Scale 1:100 Copy in SMR, OXON., Leggatt, E H, Shilcott Wood. Ditchley. Mound at SP38042219, (1978)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10560 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SP 31 NW

National Grid Reference: SP 38047 22191

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009424 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 07:55:10.

End of official listing