Bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm, Lidstone

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1009430
Date first listed:
22-Mar-1949
Date of most recent amendment:
15-Nov-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm, Lidstone
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009430 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Sep-2019 at 08:02:52.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Oxfordshire
District:
West Oxfordshire (District Authority)
Parish:
Enstone
National Grid Reference:
SP 35303 24157

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm forms one of a group of three similar monuments which run along the ridge between the present day villages of Spelsbury and Lidstone. It does not appear to have been disturbed by excavation and despite reduction by cultivation, it will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm, Lidstone. It forms the northern end of a line of three barrows located on a ridge running from south west to north east, between the villages of Spelsbury and Lidstone. The barrow mound, much of which has been reduced by cultivation, is 32m across and stands up to 0.6m high. The barrow lies on a field boundary which divides the mound to the east and west. The western half is visible as a spread of stones in the plough soil up to 0.4m high. The eastern half has been levelled but its base will survive below the modern ploughsoil. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible at ground level but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide. The barrow summit is the location of an Ordnance Survey trig point which is now hidden in the hedgeline. Excluded from the scheduling is the boundary fence running north to south across the centre of the mound, although the land beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21842
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume I, (1939), 346
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].