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Two platform barrows and a bowl barrow 440m south of Greenway Cottages

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two platform barrows and a bowl barrow 440m south of Greenway Cottages

List entry Number: 1009458

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: West Berkshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Fawley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Sep-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19029

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Platform barrows, funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC), are the rarest of the recognised types of round barrow, with fewer than 50 examples recorded nationally. They occur widely across southern England with a marked concentration in East and West Sussex and can occur either in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of barrows) or singly. They were constructed as low, flat-topped mounds of earth surrounded by a shallow ditch, occasionally crossed by an entrance causeway. None of the known examples stands higher than 1m above ground level, and most are considerably lower than this. Due to their comparative visual insignificance when compared to the larger types of round barrow, few were explored by 19th century antiquarians. As a result, few platform barrows are disturbed by excavation and, consequently, they remain a poorly understood class of monument. Their importance lies in their potential for illustrating the diversity of beliefs and burial practices in the Bronze Age and, due to their extreme rarity and considerable fragility, all identified platform barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite being disturbed by past exploration, the two platform barrows survive well and are unusual in their pairing. Also surviving within the group is a bowl barrow. Although bowl barrows are the most numerous class of round barrows, its close association with the two platform barrows is unusual. Considered as a group the monument has considerable potential for the survival of archaeological evidence relating to the use and development of the site and of environmental material allowing an understanding of the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of three barrows orientated NNE-SSW and situated on an east facing slope alongside the A338. The most southerly of the group comprises a low, circular, flat topped platform barrow, 16m in diameter and 0.6m high. A continuous raised bank 4.3m wide and 0.3m high runs around the rim of the platform, while the interior area of the platform is level and appears largely undisturbed. Surrounding the barrow was a ditch from which material for the bank was quarried and thrown onto the rim of the platform. Today this is infilled and cannot be recognised on the ground, though its existence is confirmed by the records of a past excavation. The middle barrow of the group, the largest of the three, is also a platform barrow and similarly comprises a substantial circular platform 22m in diameter and 0.9m high. The platform is again surmounted by a continuous raised bank of chalk rubble construction, 4.5m wide and 0.9m high which runs around the rim of the platform. The interior of the barrow is hollowed and appears disturbed, probably the result of past exploration of the monument. Surrounding the platform was a ditch from which material for the barrow was quarried. This has been largely infilled over the years but still survives as an earthwork 5m wide and 0.4m deep around the north-west quarter of the site. The most northerly barrow of the group is the smallest of the three and has the form of a bowl barrow comprising a circular mound and surrounding ditch. The mound has a diameter of 12m and stands to a height of 0.5m, the top being slightly flattened, possibly the result of exploration at some time in the past. Although no longer visible on the ground, a ditch, from which material was quarried to construct the monument, surrounds the mound surviving as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SMR No 1312.01, SMR No. 1312.01,
SMR No 1312.02, SMR No. 1312.02,
SMR No 1312.03, SMR No. 1312.03,

National Grid Reference: SU 39906 80423

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009458 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 09:32:19.

End of official listing