The Mound, Walton Place
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Jul-2019 at 21:18:10.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Reigate and Banstead (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TQ 22205 55138
Reasons for Designation
Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.
The Mound was originally identified as a burial mound but more recent survey
has identified it as a Motte, albeit of unusual form, of early post-Conquest
date. It includes a large and flat-topped earthen mound at least partly-
enclosed by a ditch which is easily visible on the south and south-east
sides. The mound itself measures some 33m by 30m in overall diameter, of
which the central 21- 23m is the flat top. The mound stands some 2.4m above
the level of the surrounding land. The sides slope steeply, especially on
the northern side where some alteration to the mound is likely to have
accompanied the construction of the access road to Walton Place.
The surviving part of the ditch is similarly steeply-sided and drops to a
level some 1.5m below the surrounding ground. It has a maximum width of 9m.
On all but the southern and south-eastern sides any ditch around the mound
has been infilled to facilitate access to the neighbouring buildings of the
medieval manor house.
Little is known of the history of the mound. The manor of Walton was held by
Richard de Tonbridge soon after the Conquest and later by Gilbert de Clare,
both of whom are known to be prolific castle builders, but it was also owned
by the Carew family in the early 17th century at which time the manor house
was extensively rebuilt. The Mound may have been remodelled to form a
prospect mount from which to view a formal garden during this period,
accounting for its unusual form. Stone foundations of unknown date have been
reported, although none are visible today. The metalling of the access road,
where it lies within the protected area, is excluded from the scheduling.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Stebbing, W, Walton Manor, (1910)
AM 107 Scheduling Documentation, 1958, [TQ25 NW (Surrey Ant. 898)]
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing