Roman period native farmstead 550m SW of Trowupburn Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009528

Date first listed: 12-Jun-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Jun-1994


Ordnance survey map of Roman period native farmstead 550m SW of Trowupburn Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009528 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2018 at 06:26:26.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kirknewton


National Grid Reference: NT 87351 25996


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The enclosure south west of Trowupburn is a well preserved example of a Roman period native farmstead. The exterior bank, interior scoop and building platform are all clearly visible. The site is situated within an area of clustered archaeological sites of high quality and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape. It will contribute significantly to the study of the wider settlement pattern of this period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes a native settlement dating to the Roman period. It consists of a sub-circular enclosure contained within an earth and stone bank and partially scooped into the hillside. The interior contains a raised, level platform of earth on which the dwelling would have been constructed. The monument is situated approximately one third of the way up the northern slope of Loft Hill. The ground slopes away sharply to the north and east, affording a clear view along the Trowup Burn. The farmstead comprises a sub-circular area of 35m by 34m enclosed by a single bank of stone and earth up to 5m wide and 0.7m high. A short section of quarry ditch, up to 2m wide and 0.5m deep, surrounds the bank to the south. The interior is scooped into the hillside on the south side to a depth of c.2.5m. The level surface provided by the scooping is further extended by the addition of a raised earth platform. The platform covers the southern one third of the interior and stands up to 0.75m high, the surface of this platform appears undisturbed and may have held the timber foundations of prehistoric buildings. A post and wire fence runs along the west edge of the site. This is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24580

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing