This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation

List entry Number: 1009681

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: East Staffordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wootton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Aug-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13581

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite quarrying of the barrow's southern side and limited antiquarian investigation this large bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface. The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow surrounded by a segmented ditch.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the southern end of the crest of a ridge 50m west of Thorswood Plantation. It survives as a somewhat mutilated oval mound of earth and stones added to a natural knoll and measures up to 2.3m high with maximum dimensions of 27.5m by 23m. On the barrow's western and northern sides is a segmented rock-cut ditch up to 6.3m wide and 0.3m deep. There is a sub-rectangular central pit measuring some 6m by 5m and 1m deep on the barrow's summit with upcast on all sides except the south. Immediately north of this is an oval pit measuring 5.5m by 3.5m and 0.3m deep. There are two pits on the south-east side of the mound. The southern edge of the barrow has been removed by quarrying. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow found one or two fragments of bone and a human tooth.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 124
Other
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SK 11079 47107

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009681 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 11:44:27.

End of official listing