Bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009681

Date first listed: 05-Aug-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: East Staffordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Wootton

National Grid Reference: SK 11079 47107


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite quarrying of the barrow's southern side and limited antiquarian investigation this large bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface. The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow surrounded by a segmented ditch.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the southern end of the crest of a ridge 50m west of Thorswood Plantation. It survives as a somewhat mutilated oval mound of earth and stones added to a natural knoll and measures up to 2.3m high with maximum dimensions of 27.5m by 23m. On the barrow's western and northern sides is a segmented rock-cut ditch up to 6.3m wide and 0.3m deep. There is a sub-rectangular central pit measuring some 6m by 5m and 1m deep on the barrow's summit with upcast on all sides except the south. Immediately north of this is an oval pit measuring 5.5m by 3.5m and 0.3m deep. There are two pits on the south-east side of the mound. The southern edge of the barrow has been removed by quarrying. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow found one or two fragments of bone and a human tooth.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13581

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 124
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing