Bowl barrow 190m north of Dale Abbey Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1009684
Date first listed:
05-Aug-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 190m north of Dale Abbey Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Staffordshire
District:
East Staffordshire (District Authority)
Parish:
Stanton
National Grid Reference:
SK 10775 48088

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor robbing or erosion to the barrow sides and limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound, the bowl barrow 190m north of Dale Abbey Farm survives well. This investigation located human remains, flints and pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the north-east side of the north-west end of a ridge crest 190m north of Dale Abbey Farm. It survives as an oval stone and earth mound up to 0.7m high with maximum dimensions of 16.5m by 12m. There is an irregularly-shaped shallow pit 0.1m deep at the barrow's centre and evidence of slight robbing or erosion on all sides other than the north-west. Limited antiquarian investigation at the barrow's centre located two cremations in a line on the old landsurface. The bones were only partially burnt leaving the skeletons partly intact. Unburnt parts of a human skull and some teeth were found disturbed by the southerly of the two cremations. Flint flakes and a sherd of pottery were found near the barrow's surface.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
13580
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 125
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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