Bowl barrow 140m north of Thorswood Plantation

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009685

Date first listed: 07-Aug-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 140m north of Thorswood Plantation
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: East Staffordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Wootton

National Grid Reference: SK 11216 47255

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre the bowl barrow 140m north of Thorswood Plantation survives well. This investigation located human remains, flints and pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface. The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow surrounded by a segmented ditch.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the northern end of the crest of a ridge 140m north of Thorswood Plantation. It survives as an oval earthen mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 12m. There is a shallow central depression 3m diameter by 0.2m deep. On the barrow's south-western, south-eastern and southern sides are traces of a segmented ditch 2.5m wide by 0.1m deep. A drystone wall runs along the extreme western edge of the monument. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound located a ruined cist, a cremation, flints, pottery sherds and bones. The drystone wall on the barrow's western side is excluded from the scheduling The ground beneath it, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13583

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 165
Other
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing