Two boundary earthworks on the west of Rushall Down


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009813

Date first listed: 08-Jan-1990


Ordnance survey map of Two boundary earthworks on the west of Rushall Down
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 11:25:55.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Charlton

National Grid Reference: SU 09285 53426

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Boundary earthworks which include linear earthworks, so called ranch boundaries, dykes and cross ridge dykes are particularly well preserved in the Salisbury Plain Training Area. They provide important evidence of prehistoric landholdings, land reorganisation and changing agricultural practices through time.


Two lengths of bank and ditch boundary earthworks meeting at right angles. The earthworks are part of an extensive system of boundary features, although their precise relationship is unknown. 1 - A boundary feature running north-west/south-east for c.270m. The ditch is c.8m wide and there is a counterscarp bank on the north-east. This may be part of the "Long Ditch", sections of which remain extant to the north-west and south-east. 2 - A ditch running south-west/north-east following countour around the steep face of a combe. The ditch averages 6m wide and has a weak counterscarp bank.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10034

Legacy System: RSM


Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

End of official listing