Moated site north-west of Broadoak Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009864

Date first listed: 05-Dec-1980

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Mar-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site north-west of Broadoak Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Stockport (Metropolitan Authority)

National Grid Reference: SJ 93948 87594

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument survives well and remains largely unencumbered by modern development. Limited excavation on the island has revealed artefacts and structural remains dating from the 14th to the 18th centuries and further evidence of the medieval and post-medieval buildings will survive. Additionally organic material will be preserved within the waterlogged moat.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is the moated site north-west of Broadoak Farm, also known as Torkington Moat. The site includes a raised island measuring some 46m by 43m that is surrounded by a waterlogged moat varying between 8m and 20m wide and 1.6m deep to the water level. Access to the island is by a modern wooden bridge situated at the mid-point of the southeastern arm where the moat is at its narrowest. The Torkington family were first mentioned in documents dating to c.1200. A manor house existed in Torkington by 1350. Further reference to a manor house at Torkington is found in the Chester Forestry Proceedings of 1363. This states that John de Legh cleared woodland prior to constructing a manor house consisting of two chambers and a kitchen surrounded by a moat. The house was abandoned around the beginning of the 16th century. Torkington Hall was constructed on the moated site during the early 17th century. Limited excavation on the island identified three phases of activity, all involving timber structures. Artefacts found included medieval pottery, 14th or 15th century roof tiles, and post-medieval clay pipes, pottery and nails. The wooden bridge, all fences, cabins, angling stations and service pipes are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath all these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13520

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Yendley, C, Broad Oak Moat Torkington, (1983)
Price, J V, 'Country Houses of Greater Manchester' in Country Houses of Greater Manchester, , Vol. 2, (1985)
Other
Pagination 5, Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)

End of official listing