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Edleston moated site and fishpond

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Edleston moated site and fishpond

List entry Number: 1009866

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cheshire East

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Edleston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Mar-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13518

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite some levelling of the monument's profile by ploughing and infilling the site remains in reasonably good condition and is unencumbered by modern development. The island still stands some 1.5m above the moat and evidence of the medieval house, 14th century oratory, and the gatehouse, bridge and chapel referred to in documents of c.1500 will survive there.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is Edleston moated site and fishpond. The site includes an island raised up to 1.5m high and measuring some 50m by 30m. Surrounding the island is a partially infilled dry moat that is best preserved on the south and west sides where it is up to 17m wide by 1m deep. On the monument's western side the moat widens out to form a dry fishpond measuring 45m by 35m and 1m deep. In 1398 Thomas de Fouleshurst of Edleston was given licence for an oratory which is assumed to be on this site. An inquisition post-mortem of c.1500 for John de Fouleshurst mentions a gatehouse, bridge, ditch and chapel. The field boundary on the monument's northern side and the fence flanking the railway line to the south-east are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Cheshire SMR, SMR No. 266/1, (1987)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SJ 63789 50760

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009866 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:23:09.

End of official listing