Bell barrow 550m east of New Barn, Earl's Farm Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009872

Date first listed: 03-Mar-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 26-Feb-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow 550m east of New Barn, Earl's Farm Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Amesbury

National Grid Reference: SU 17872 42231

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the early and middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1600-1300 bc. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments, and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows [,particularly multiple barrows,] are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

As there is no evidence for formal excavation of the Earl's Farm Down bell barrow, it has considerable archaeological potential. The importance of the site is further enhanced by its incorporation within a barrow cemetery. Such cemeteries provide valuable information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst Bronze Age communities. Individual barrows within such cemeteries are central to their interpretation and therefore of considerable importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow, set below the crest of a gentle south-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 30m in diameter and stands to a height of c.4m. Surrounding the barrow mound are a berm, ditch and outer bank. The berm, c.2m wide, is no longer visible at ground level, while the ditch and outer bank are only visible as earthworks to the south of the barrow mound, surviving as buried features elsewhere. The ditch is 2m across and 0.4m deep. The outer bank is 2m across and 0.5m high. The surface of the unmetalled track which runs from north to south across the western side of the barrow is excluded from the monument, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12197

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing