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Field system and settlement north of Chapperton Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Field system and settlement north of Chapperton Down

List entry Number: 1010018

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Heytesbury

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: West Lavington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Feb-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10106

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Well preserved prehistoric field systems are rare nationally. They provide important evidence of a carefully planned reorganisation of landscape and definition of landholdings. The examples in the Salisbury Plain Training Area are some of the best surviving nationally, and their articulation with other contemporary archaeological features, such as land boundaries and enclosures, makes them worthy of scheduling.

Prehistoric and later period villages surviving as earthworks are rare nationally, as are any associations with contemporary field systems or other landholdings. The importance of the examples in the Salisbury Plain Training Area is considerably enhanced by the demonstrable relationship between the settlements, field systems and major boundary earthworks which provide exceptionally complete evidence of human reorganisation of the landscape. This makes the examples in the Training Area worthy of national protection.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

An area of field system surrounding an unexcavated settlement. 1 - An Iron age/Romano-British field system, with field banks up to 2m high. The area has been damaged by shells and military vehicles. 2 - A settlement identified in antiquity. The site has never been confirmed and there is no dating evidence. Surface irregularities may define a settlement but no features can be identified.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

National Grid Reference: ST 99341 48497

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010018 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 10:25:06.

End of official listing