Wayside cross known as Stump Cross on Beacon Hill, Danby


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010079

Date first listed: 09-Jan-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Feb-1995


Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross known as Stump Cross on Beacon Hill, Danby
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2018 at 15:48:48.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Glaisdale


National Grid Reference: NZ 74411 09439


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The Stump Cross wayside cross survives well in spite of being elevated on an eccentric platform. It is in its original position beside two late medieval trackways, the Stonegate and the Leavergate.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a wayside cross known as Stump Cross on Beacon Hill, Danby. The cross stands beside two late medieval trackways, called the Stonegate, which runs past the cross from the village called Stonegate to Danby Beacon, and the Leavergate which runs from the beacon towards Easington.

The cross, which is also a Listed Building Grade II, consists of a cross base on a cradle of long stones with a broken portion of the original shaft inserted in the socket. The cradle is formed from three stones of local fine gritstone laid in three sides of a square. The northerly stone measures 0.84m long and about 0.3m thick; the western stone is 0.2m long and 0.35m thick; the eastern stone is 1.35m long and 0.4m thick. On top of this cradle is a stone which tapers slightly from 0.78m to 0.64m on the north side and 0.61m at the base to 0.61m on the east side. The height is 0.26m. On top of this construction is the cross base which is a gritstone block measuring 0.64m on the north side by 0.62m on the east side and stands 0.45m high. The socket hole is 0.28m by 0.25m and it holds a roughly broken stone 0.25m by 0.21m by 0.43m.

The cradle, the stone block and the cross base are included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25658

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Hayes, R H, Old Roads and Pannierways in North East Yorkshire, (1988), 21

End of official listing