Wayside cross called Job Cross at Middle Heads on Danby Low Moor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010082

Date first listed: 07-Mar-1995


Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross called Job Cross at Middle Heads on Danby Low Moor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Lockwood


National Grid Reference: NZ 68552 10987


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The wayside cross called Job Cross stands in its original position beside an old trackway which has now sunk into the peat. It serves to give insight into the management of the medieval landscape and the piety expected of early travellers.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a cross base and truncated cross shaft situated on Danby Low Moor. The cross marks the old road from White Cross, Commondale, to High Thorn to the north east. It stands 30m from the present track which is also the line of the district boundary.

The cross base is a badly eroded block of local banded gritstone. It measures 0.59m by 0.56m and stands 0.12m high. The shaft is of a different gritstone and is squared in section measuring 0.26m on each side. It stands 0.96m high. The shaft was originally dressed in a herringbone pattern and thus shows a date of manufacture in the post-medieval period. There appear to have been arms on the cross at the top of the shaft. These have been snapped off leaving clear scars on the north and south sides.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25662

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing