Newborough Hall moated site, millpond, two fishponds and connecting channels.

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010124

Date first listed: 01-Mar-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Newborough Hall moated site, millpond, two fishponds and connecting channels.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010124 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 15:41:27.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: East Staffordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Newborough

National Grid Reference: SK 13392 25914, SK 13440 25978

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument is a well preserved moated site associated with a range of features that includes a millpond and two fishponds. The complexity of these remains demonstrates well the diversity which may be exhibited by this class of monument. Most of the monument is unencumbered by modern development and the site will contain the surviving archaeological remains of the medieval Newborough Hall. Additionally organic material will be preserved within the waterlogged moat and millpond.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is Newborough Hall moated site, a millpond, two fishponds and connecting channels. The moated site has a grassy island some 63m square which is surrounded by a moat 10-20m wide by 1.8m deep that is waterlogged on all sides except the north-east and a short length of the north-west arm close to the northern corner. An outer bank c.8m wide by 1.3m high flanks much of the south-east arm. Adjacent to the southern corner of the moat is a sub-rectangular waterlogged millpond measuring some 42m by 32m that is flanked on its north-east side by an outer bank c.4m wide and 0.3m high. A dry fishpond measuring up to 25m by 10m and 0.5m deep lies parallel to the moat's north-east arm some 20m to the east. It is flanked on its northern side by an outer bank 4.5m wide and 0.2m high. The pond was fed by an inlet channel 4m wide by 20m long that enters the northern side, while an outlet channel 4m wide by 10m long carried water into a second pond measuring up to 15m by 7m and 0.5m deep that is now mutilated on its south side by a stream. The brick and concrete foundations on the outer bank flanking the south-east arm, all field boundaries, and all walls are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13505

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1989)
Dennison, E, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1987)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)
SMR No. 172, Staffs SMR, Newborough Hall: Newborough,
Snowdon, C.A., AM 107, (1988)

End of official listing