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Wetton Low bowl barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wetton Low bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1010125

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wetton

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Jan-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Sep-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13543

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the monument's somewhat mutilated appearance Wetton Low bowl barrow survives reasonably well. Limited antiquarian investigation at the barrow's centre located inhumations, a cremation and grave goods, and these, together with recent surface finds of artefacts, indicate that further evidence of inhumations and grave goods will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes Wetton Low bowl barrow located on a ridge crest at the eastern end of a local high point. It survives as a somewhat mutilated oval mound up to 1.6m high with maximum dimensions of 22m by 18m. At the centre of the barrow is the site of an old limekiln represented by an oval hollow measuring some 8m by 5m and up to 1m deep. An Ordinance Survey triangulation pillar has been erected on the barrow to the east of the disturbed central area. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre, in the sides of the limekiln hollow, located 2 cists - one containing a contracted inhumation of a young person, the other containing a cremation. A second inhumation and a rock cut grave containing a third inhumation were also discovered. Additionally flints and an urn sherd were found in the trench. Recent chance finds on the barrow's eroded surface around the base of the triangulation pillar consisted of 12 flints. The triangulation pillar is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Exley, , Miller, , Cooper, , 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, (1987)
Other
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows,

National Grid Reference: SK 11221 54743

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010125 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 08:42:16.

End of official listing