Bowl barrow on Arbour Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010128

Date first listed: 07-Jul-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Sep-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Arbour Hill
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Waterhouses

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 10820 51938


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the insertion of a water reservoir into the centre of the monument the bowl barrow on Arbour Hill survives well. Limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre located human and faunal remains, flint and iron artefacts and Romano-British pottery. Further evidence of inhumations and grave goods will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface. Additionally, the monument is a rare example in the Peak District of a bowl barrow displaying re-use during Romano-British times.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the crest of a ridge at the northern end of Arbour Hill. It survives as a slightly oval earthen mound up to 2.3m high with maximum dimensions of 26.5m by 24m. A covered reservoir measuring 5.5m by 4.5m has been inserted in the barrow's centre. Limited antiquarian investigations at the monument's centre located two cists each containing a cremation, two further cremations, two contracted inhumations adjacent to each other, a further inhumation, flint artefacts, worked animal bone, an iron spike and Romano-British pottery. The water reservoir and its inlet and outlet pipes are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13558

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Mr. V. Holland (site owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1991)
Snowdon, C.A., AM 107, (1988)

End of official listing