Two stone hut circles 937m WSW of East Castick Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010223

Date first listed: 03-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two stone hut circles 937m WSW of East Castick Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 25616 76106

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These hut circles on Hawk's Tor have survived well. The substantial build-up of deposits against their uphill sides will preserve buried land surfaces and environmental evidence contemporary with, and subsequent to, their construction and use. Their proximity to other broadly contemporary settlement sites, enclosures, field systems and cairns demonstrates well the nature of farming practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two stone hut circles situated on the lower SE flank of Hawk's Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut circle settlements, enclosures, field systems and cairns. The hut circles are centred 15m apart on a WNW-ESE axis. Each has a marked accumulation of deposits washed down the hillslope against its uphill, NW, side. The hut circle to the WNW survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 0.5m high and 1.5m wide, faced internally by spaced edge-set slabs. The wall defines a circular internal area, 4.5m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope. The hut circle to the ESE is similarly constructed, its heaped rubble wall is also 0.5m high and 1.5m wide, around a circular, levelled, internal area 4.5m in diameter. This hut circle has an entrance gap 1m wide facing SSE. The eastern side of the entrance gap is marked by an edge-set slab placed across the wall-line. These hut circles are outlying members of a dispersed, unenclosed settlement containing at least 23 hut circles, whose main concentration is centred 125m WSW of this monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15147

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
King, G, Sheppard, P, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parochial Checklist of Antiquities 10: Parish of North Hill, , Vol. 18, (1979)
Other
consulted 10/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2576,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.20,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.21,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,

End of official listing