Platform cairn 225m west of Minions

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010256

Date first listed: 18-Mar-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Platform cairn 225m west of Minions
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Cleer

National Grid Reference: SX 25788 71096

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Platform cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Early Bronze Age (c.2000-1600 BC). They were constructed as low flat-topped mounds of stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter. Some examples have other features, including peripheral banks and internal mounds, constructed on this platform. A kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the platform, bank or mound, or all three. Platform cairns occur as isolated monuments, in small groups, or in cairn cemeteries. In the latter instances they are normally found alongside cairns of other types. Although no precise figure is available, current evidence indicates that there are under 250 known examples of this monument class nationally. As a rare monument type exhibiting considerable variation in form, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This platform cairn on Craddock Moor is reasonably well preserved and has never been archaeologically excavated. Its importance is further enhanced by its association with the many other different but broadly contemporary classes of funerary and ceremonial monuments on Craddock Moor, demonstrating well both the diversity and organisation of burial practice and ritual during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a circular platform cairn on the south-east edge of Craddock Moor on south-east Bodmin Moor. The cairn survives substantially intact as a circular, slightly domed, platform, 18m diameter and up to 0.75m high, sloping to 0.5m high around the periphery, from where the edge drops steeply to ground level on all sides. It is composed of heaped small to medium-sized stones, now largely turf-covered. Some relatively recent stone extraction has created a well-defined hollow 5m diameter and 0.5m deep at the cairn's centre, extending towards the cairn's edge at the NNW side. A slight rim has been pushed up around the edges of the hollow, raising the cairn's maximum height near the centre to 1m. The stone extraction is restricted and well-defined in extent and has not extended to ground level. This is an isolated cairn on the southern edge of an extensive area of funerary and ceremonial monuments typical of the early and middle Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC) on the Craddock and Rillaton Moors.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15053

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
CAU/RCHME, The Bodmin Moor Survey, Unpubl. draft text. Ch.4, 1.3, fig 17
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1406,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1436,

End of official listing