Bowl barrow on the line of the B3174, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Farway Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010275

Date first listed: 10-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on the line of the B3174, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Farway Hill
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Farway

National Grid Reference: SY 16235 95259

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Farway Hill barrows, a number of which form the barrow cemetery, comprise the central section of the most extensive and densest concentration of barrows in Devon. Their association with Farway Castle adds additional depth to this relict ritual landscape. Limited archaeological excavations of some of the barrows have revealed that they have a remarkable diversity in size and form, and in the nature of their funerary contents. Although partially disturbed by road construction, a significant proportion of the buried features of this barrow remain intact, including the old land surface which will contain evidence of the past environment. The barrow forms an integral part of the barrow cemetery.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The Farway Hill barrows are situated in south east Devon on the high ground of an extensive Greensand plateau in an area some 8km south of Honiton where it forms the watershed of the River Sid. These funeral monuments are grouped around Farway Castle, a substantial circular earthwork enclosure which is believed to be contemporary. The monument includes one of ten bowl barrows which together make up the Farway Hill round barrow cemetery. It is situated on the crest of a ridge to the immediate south east of Farway Castle and is partially overlain by the B3174 road. The barrow mound is 16m in diameter and 0.4m in height. There is no evidence of a ditch. Excluded from the monument are the made up road surface and all fence posts, but the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24961

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Fox, A, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Broad Down (Farway) Necropolis, , Vol. 4, (1948), 1-19
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 5-46
Hutchinson, , 'Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association' in Report on Barrows near Sidmouth, , Vol. 12, (1880)
Simpson, S, Noble, S, 'Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report' in Archaeological Survey & Management Study of Areas of E Devon, , Vol. 93.38, (1993)

End of official listing