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Round cairn on Calf Ridge, 800m east of The Shooting Box

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Calf Ridge, 800m east of The Shooting Box

List entry Number: 1010321

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Church Stretton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Feb-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19169

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round cairn on the summit of Calf Ridge survives well and is a good example of the class. It will retain archaeological evidence relating to the construction of the cairn and its subsequent use. Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed will be preserved beneath the mound and in the ditch fill. It is one of several monuments of a similar age in the area and so contributes valuable information relating to the settlement pattern, nature of land use, burial practices and social stucture of the prehistoric community occupying this area of upland during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the rounded summit of Calf Ridge, an exposed hilltop visible from all directions. The cairn survives as a stony mound 16m in diameter and standing up to 0.9m high. Where the turf cover is eroded and the fabric of the mound is exposed, it shows an earth and stone construction with individual stones averaging 0.2m in size. Although no longer visible as a surface feature, a surrounding ditch from which material for the construction of the cairn would have been quarried, will survive as a buried feature with an estimated width of 2m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SO 42898 95388

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010321 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2018 at 08:43:57.

End of official listing