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Two platform cairns 750m and 785m E of Sparretts Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two platform cairns 750m and 785m E of Sparretts Farm

List entry Number: 1010325

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Cleer

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Mar-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15061

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Platform cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Early Bronze Age (c.2000-1600 BC). They were constructed as low flat-topped mounds of stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter. Some examples have other features, including peripheral banks and internal mounds, constructed on this platform. A kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the platform, bank or mound, or all three. Platform cairns occur as isolated monuments, in small groups, or in cairn cemeteries. In the latter instances they are normally found alongside cairns of other types. Although no precise figure is available, current evidence indicates that there are under 250 known examples of this monument class nationally. As a rare monument type exhibiting considerable variation in form, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

These platform cairns on Craddock Moor are well-preserved, with their features clearly visible and they have not been archaeologically excavated. The cairns' importance is further enhanced by their location within a wider grouping of differing but broadly contemporary classes of funerary and ceremonial monuments on Craddock Moor, demonstrating well both the diversity and the organisation of burial practice and ritual during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two large platform cairns, the eastern cairn having an off-centred mound, the western cairn embanked with a small central mound. The monument is situated on a ridge-top near the centre of Craddock Moor on south-east Bodmin Moor. These platform cairns are centred 36m apart on an ENE-WSW axis. The smaller eastern cairn survives with a circular, steep-sided platform, 15.5m diameter across its base and up to 0.5m high, composed of heaped small to medium stones and earth, with a continuous row of small boulders, up to 0.5m across, forming a kerb around the edge of its 13.5m diameter flat upper surface. The platform supports a flat-topped mound, 9.5m diameter, rising 1.25m above the platform surface, and similarly composed of heaped stones and earth. The mound is located towards the west side of the platform, touching the platform edge at the west side but leaving a 2m wide periphery at the east. The western cairn has a platform 18.5m diameter and up to 0.3m high, its periphery defined by a bank 3m wide and up to 0.75m high, of heaped stone rubble. The bank has boulders from an outer kerb protruding through the vegetation in several places and, in the western sector, continuous lines of boulders survive intact from both outer and inner kerbs giving an original bank-width there of 1.75m. This cairn has a central mound, also of heaped stones, 7m in diameter and rising a further 0.75m above the platform surface. Both cairns are substantially intact, showing little evidence for any previous disturbance. This is an isolated pair of cairns situated on the top of a prominent ridge near the centre of an extensive area of funerary and ceremonial monuments typical of the early and middle Bronze Age (c.2000 - 1000 BC) on the Craddock and Rillaton Moors.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Ashbee, P, 'Proc. West Cornwall field Club' in Recent Work In The Cornish Bronze Age, , Vol. 1(4), (1955), 129-135
Other
CAU/RCHME, The Bodmin Moor Survey, Unpubl. draft text. Ch.4, 1.3, fig 17
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1235.01,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1235.02,

National Grid Reference: SX 24442 71685

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010325 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 04:04:12.

End of official listing