Cairn west of Craven Hall Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010355

Date first listed: 17-Oct-1930

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairn west of Craven Hall Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Leeds (Metropolitan Authority)

National Grid Reference: SE 14573 44096

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed settlements are also known. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although disturbed, this cairn still retains important archaeological evidence of its original form and of the burials placed within it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a subcircular earth and stone bank 12m in total diameter. The bank width is c.2.8m and its height is c.0.4m. In view of the small size of the cairn and a slight irregularity of the bank and internal ground surface, it is thought that the cairn was originally a more conventional round cairn, and that its present form is the result of disturbance of the central area of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25283

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing