Prehistoric enclosure with adjacent stone hut circle 780m NNE of Minions


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010363

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric enclosure with adjacent stone hut circle 780m NNE of Minions
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2018 at 19:03:56.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Linkinhorne

National Grid Reference: SX 26187 72045


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Bodmin Moor are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate animal shelters and hut circle settlements for farmers or herders. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably, depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are highly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are worthy of protection.

This enclosure and its adjacent hut circle on Rillaton Moor have survived well. They have not been excavated and only minor and limited disturbance is evident. The monument will preserve contemporary deposits and land surfaces beneath the hill-wash covering its western sides. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary hut circles, enclosures, field systems and cairns on Rillaton Moor and Stowe's Hill demonstrates well the pattern of land use during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a sub-circular Prehistoric enclosure and an adjacent stone hut circle situated near other broadly contemporary settlement features on the east slope of Rillaton Moor on SE Bodmin Moor. The enclosure survives as a wall of boulders and stone rubble, up to 2m wide and 0.75m high, enclosing a near-circular internal area measuring 19m in diameter. Several edge-set facing slabs are visible in the wall's more exposed east-facing sides while its uphill, west-facing sides are largely buried beneath soil washed down the hillslope since the enclosure's construction. A short gap in the enclosure's SE sector is caused by a very recent rectangular pit, 3m long, 2m wide and 0.3m deep, dug on the line of the wall; otherwise there is no evidence for any disturbance to the monument. The stone hut circle is centred 15m ESE of the enclosure wall and is visible as a largely turf-covered stone rubble wall, 1.5m wide and 0.7m high, around a circular internal area 6m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope and also partly buried by later soil deposits along its western side.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15082

Legacy System: RSM


consulted 3/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription, SX 2672,
consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1415,
consulted 3/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1415.04,

End of official listing