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Woodhouse moated friary of Hopton Wafers

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Woodhouse moated friary of Hopton Wafers

List entry Number: 1010372

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Hopton Wafers

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Jul-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13682

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or, seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigniorial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains. A friary is a settlement housing a community of male mendicants. It is normally composed of a discrete group of buildings and open spaces, bounded by a precinct wall. The friars, who depended on alms and gifts for subsistence, devoted their lives to preaching, evangelism, and learning, and the friaries were generally situated on the margins of urban occupation. The main mendicant orders associated with English friaries include the Franciscans (Greyfriars), Dominicans (Blackfriars), Austin Friars and Carmelites (Whitefriars). Such orders were established in prominent English county towns from at least the mid 13th Century onwards, although some of the early foundations seem to have been rural. Due to their highly varied form and comparative rarity, surviving examples are considered to be of national importance. The Austin Friary of Hopton Wafers is one of the earliest English foundations of the Augustinians. It represents one of the more unusual rural settlements. The moated friary is well-preserved and retains considerable potential for the survival of archaeological evidence within its interior.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The moated friary at Woodhouse lies 1.2km to the north-east of the village of Hopton Wafers. The moat is trapezoidal-shaped and measures 115m north-south, 110m wide at the southern end, and approximately 65m at the narrower northern end. The moat arms are identifiable except in the south-west corner where they have been in-filled and in the north where the ditch has been enlarged to form a pond. The modern causeway on the southern side is believed to be located in the position of the original entrance. The moat island is known to be the location of the Austin Friary founded in the 13th century. At present the site is occupied by a farmhouse and several outbuildings believed to have 17th century origins. The farm buildings at the southern end of the site stand upon a substantial platform up to 1m high. The island also contains a deep stone lined well, gardens and a tennis court. The Austin Friary of Woodhouse is recorded as being one of the two earliest English foundations of the friar hermits of St Augustine. The settlement was founded in 1250 with gifts from local families. It was unusual in that it chose to remain remote, unlike most friaries which became established in towns after 1256. In the late 13th century the friary had seven friars. It is also thought likely that William Langland, author of Piers Plowman, was at one time a resident at Woodhouse. By the time of the Dissolution records show that the estate of Woodhouse comprised 50 acres of pasture and woodland; it was sold in 1554. The main farmhouse with cellars, and the well in the courtyard north east of the farmhouse are totally excluded from the scheduling. All other buildings and out-buildings are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground below these buildings is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Shropshire: Volume II, (1973)

National Grid Reference: SO 64695 77194

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010372 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:11:42.

End of official listing