Bowl barrow 160m south of summit of Musden Low

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010384

Date first listed: 17-Jan-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 160m south of summit of Musden Low
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010384 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2018 at 00:15:03.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Waterhouses

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 11854 49915

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigations at the centre of the monument the bowl barrow 160m south of Musden Low survives well. These investigations located human remains, flint and pottery, and further evidence of inhumations and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface. Additionally this site is a rare example in the Peak District of a barrow displaying re-use during Anglian and medieval times.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 160m south of the summit of Musden Low on the crest of a ridge on a narrow spur that projects southeast from the hilltop. It survives as an oval mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 16.5m by 14m. The barrow has a prominent central pit 4.5m diameter and 0.4m deep with other small areas of shallow disturbance to the north, west and south. Compacted stones are visible in the southerly area of disturbance. Limited antiquarian investigations at this barrow located two cremations, an inhumation, flints, and pottery sherds of Anglian and medieval date.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13551

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 119
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing