Bowl barrow on Arn Hill Down, 450m east of New Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010400

Date first listed: 03-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Jan-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Arn Hill Down, 450m east of New Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 07:14:54.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Warminster

National Grid Reference: ST 87667 46476


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the site, much of the Arn Hill bowl barrow survives well and has potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains. The significance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides a clear indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a prominent hill-top overlooking the Wylye Valley. The barrow mound is 18m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.5m. Surrounding the mound are a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, and an outer bank. The ditch has been partly infilled over the years but survives as a low earthwork 3m wide and 0.3m deep, while the outer bank is 3m wide and 0.4m high. A hollow on the centre of the mound represents the site of early exploration of the site by Colt-Hoare. Partial excavation produced a stone cist or box containing a cremation burial while higher in the mound were a collection of flat-headed nails, a spear and sherds, possibly Romano-British in date.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12295

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing