Bowl barrow on Heyshott Common, 250m west of Foundry Cottages


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010438

Date first listed: 15-Mar-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jul-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Heyshott Common, 250m west of Foundry Cottages
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Heyshott

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 90080 19043

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow 250m west of Foundry Cottages survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is enhanced by its association with a number of similar burial monuments in addition to evidence for contemporary settlement which occurs in the area. Such information provides a detailed insight into the settlement history and land-use of this area during the Bronze Age period.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a Greensand ridge 2km north of the South Downs. The barrow mound survives as an earthwork 15m in diameter and stands to a height of 2.2m. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that it was once partially excavated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20027

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 245
Ordnance Survey, SMR Ordnance Survey SU 91 NW 2, (1971)

End of official listing