Bowl barrow on Heyshott Common, 250m west of Foundry Cottages
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1010438
Date first listed: 15-Mar-1966
Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jul-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: West Sussex
District: Chichester (District Authority)
National Park: SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference: SU 90080 19043
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow 250m west of Foundry Cottages survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is enhanced by its association with a number of similar burial monuments in addition to evidence for contemporary settlement which occurs in the area. Such information provides a detailed insight into the settlement history and land-use of this area during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a Greensand ridge
2km north of the South Downs. The barrow mound survives as an earthwork 15m
in diameter and stands to a height of 2.2m. The mound is surrounded by a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible at
ground level but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. A hollow in the
centre of the mound suggests that it was once partially excavated.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20027
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 245
Ordnance Survey, SMR Ordnance Survey SU 91 NW 2, (1971)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing