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Sherrington Castle mound: motte castle east of Sherrington Manor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Sherrington Castle mound: motte castle east of Sherrington Manor

List entry Number: 1010460

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Sherrington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 31-Jan-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12321

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

The Sherrington Castle mound survives well and has potential for the recovery of both archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape at the time the site was occupied.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a motte castle with surrounding moat set on level ground in the valley of the River Wylye. The motte is 48m across and rises 5.5m above ground level. It has a level top 28m across with traces of a perimeter bank. A ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the motte. This survives as a waterfilled moat to the south, east and north of the mound but is dry to the west. It varies in width between 5m and 25m and is between 2 and 3m deep except to the west where it survives as a buried feature. The site is believed to have been a castle belonging to the Gifford family.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Mrs Miller, (1990)

National Grid Reference: ST 96011 39244

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010460 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 05:01:27.

End of official listing