Bell barrow on Rook Hill, 200m west of Pertwood Wood

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1010470
Date first listed:
22-Mar-1927
Date of most recent amendment:
24-Oct-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow on Rook Hill, 200m west of Pertwood Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Longbridge Deverill
National Grid Reference:
ST 89112 37212

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The Rook Hill bell barrow survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains as well as environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is further enhanced by the fact that numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides an indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow set on a south-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 14m in diameter and stands 4m high. Surrounding the barrow mound but no longer visible at ground level are a berm and ditch. The berm is c.5m wide and the ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, is 3m wide. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
12311
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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