Bell barrow on Rook Hill, 200m west of Pertwood Wood
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2019 at 00:18:47.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- Longbridge Deverill
- National Grid Reference:
- ST 89112 37212
Reasons for Designation
Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.
The Rook Hill bell barrow survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains as well as environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is further enhanced by the fact that numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides an indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes a bell barrow set on a south-facing slope in an area of
undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 14m in diameter and stands 4m
high. Surrounding the barrow mound but no longer visible at ground level are
a berm and ditch. The berm is c.5m wide and the ditch, from which material
was quarried during construction of the monument, is 3m wide. This has become
infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing