Henge monument 350m north-east of Long Ivor Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010471

Date first listed: 26-Apr-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Nov-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Henge monument 350m north-east of Long Ivor Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Longbridge Deverill

National Grid Reference: ST 88543 41933

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval- shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all henges are considered to be of national importance.

The Long Ivor henge monument survives well and has potential for the recovery of both archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is enhanced by the fact that numerous contemporary monuments survive in the area giving an indication of the nature and scale of occupation during the later Neolithic period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a henge monument set on a gentle south-east facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland immediately east of the Wylye Valley. It comprises a central area between 30m and 33m across raised 1m above ground level. Surrounding this is a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, and an external bank. The ditch has been partly infilled over the years but survives to a depth of 0.5m and is c.10m across. The bank is 0.2m high and 10m wide. In the south-west portion of the ditch is a causeway c.4m across.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12306

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Harding, A, Henge monuments, (1987)

End of official listing