Corton long barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010518

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Jan-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Corton long barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Boyton

National Grid Reference: ST 93080 40337

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. Despite partial excavation the Corton long barrow survives comparatively well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the period in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is enhanced by the fact that other long barrows survive in the area giving an indication of the scale and intensity with which the area was occupied during the Neolithic period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set below the crest of a north-facing promontory overlooking the Wylye Valley. The barrow mound, like others in the area, is ovoid in plan and orientated east-west. It is 50m long, 15m wide and stands to a height of 2.5m. Partial excavation of the mound by Cunnington in the late 19th century produced eight skeletons contemporary with the construction of the monument as well as two later cremation burials in a pottery urn. Although no longer visible at ground level, ditches from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, run parallel to the north and south sides of the mound. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12341

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia (Volume 15), , Vol. 15, (1805), 338

End of official listing