Corton long barrow
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Apr-2021 at 22:55:10.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- ST 93080 40337
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. Despite partial excavation the Corton long barrow survives comparatively well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the period in which the monument was constructed. The importance of the site is enhanced by the fact that other long barrows survive in the area giving an indication of the scale and intensity with which the area was occupied during the Neolithic period.
The monument includes a long barrow set below the crest of a north-facing
promontory overlooking the Wylye Valley. The barrow mound, like others in the
area, is ovoid in plan and orientated east-west. It is 50m long, 15m wide and
stands to a height of 2.5m. Partial excavation of the mound by Cunnington in
the late 19th century produced eight skeletons contemporary with the
construction of the monument as well as two later cremation burials in a
pottery urn. Although no longer visible at ground level, ditches from which
material was quarried during construction of the monument, run parallel to the
north and south sides of the mound. These have become infilled over the years
but survive as buried features c.3m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia (Volume 15), , Vol. 15, (1805), 338
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing