Bowl barrow 250m ESE of St Lawrence's Church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010573

Date first listed: 02-Feb-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 250m ESE of St Lawrence's Church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk (District Authority)

Parish: Harpley

National Grid Reference: TF 79133 25993

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 250m ESE of St Lawrence's Church survives well and later use as a garden feature has caused no more than superficial disturbance. The monument will retain archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow and for the manner and duration of its use, and evidence for the local environment at and prior to that time will be preserved in the fill of the ditch and in soils buried beneath the mound. The proximity and topographical relationship of the barrow to two important barrow groups give it additional interest. Together, these barrows provide some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a south facing slope on the east side of Harpley village. It lies midway between two dispersed barrow groups, which are sited along a north west-south east axis across Harpley Common and West Rudham Common over a total distance of c.10km. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound c.1.7m high, covering a roughly circular area with a diameter of c.28m. The sides of the mound are somewhat spread to the north and east, giving it a slightly asymmetrical profile. The mound is encircled by a ditch which has become infilled, although part of it on the north and west side is visible as a slight hollow, c.2m wide and c.0.2m deep, in the ground surface. The barrow was at one time utilised as a garden feature, and slight brick foundations which are visible a little to north and east of the centre are the remains of a summer house which was erected on it. A modern boundary fence which crosses the southern skirts of the mound, and another on the eastern edge of the monument, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21336

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
3532: West Norfolk, Harpley,
Title: Ordnance Survey 25" Source Date: 1904 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing