Round cairn 50m north west of Yes Tor summit

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010596

Date first listed: 27-Feb-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 50m north west of Yes Tor summit
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Okehampton Hamlets

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 58046 90174

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite partial damage and an early excavation, the round cairn 50m north west of Yes Tor summit survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected. This cairn is situated very close to the top of Dartmoor's second highest peak.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated between two rock outcrops on the summit of Yes Tor which overlooks much of North Devon. The cairn mound measures 15m in diameter and stands up to 1.8m high. This cairn has seen limited damage as a result of military, visitor and early antiquarian activity and as a result its core is exposed, revealing traces of drystone walling which may either be original features or later additions. A mound of material standing up to 2.3m high, lying on a terrace immediately below and south of the cairn may be spoil from an early undocumented excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24162

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX59SE4, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX59SE6,

End of official listing