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Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles and later farmstead at Whittenknowles Rocks

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles and later farmstead at Whittenknowles Rocks

List entry Number: 1010650

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sheepstor

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Jun-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Feb-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10710

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2500-1000 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This agglomerated enclosure with hut circles and later farmstead buildings demonstrates the continuity of use of the Moor from the Prehistoric period through to the medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This agglomerated enclosure with hut circles lies on a south-west facing slope north of Eastern Tor and east of Sheepstor Brook. It covers an area of approximately 6ha and incorporates at least seven enclosures and forty stone hut circles, as well as medieval farmstead structures. It is cut on the south edge by the course of the leat which runs to Sheepstor village. The enclosure lies in an area of natural outcrops and clitter which obscure the details of the site. The main enclosure banks average 2m in width and 0.5m in height made of earth and rubble, but are as much as 3m in width and over a metre high on the northern side, where large boulders and slabs are incorporated. The hut circles have walls of earth and stone up to 2m in width and 0.6m in height, they are up to 12m in diameter, some are conjoined, some attached to banks and others free-standing. There is evidence for double faced walling in some huts and entrances, predominantly to the south-west, some with jambs. In the south-east quadrant of the enclosure there are the remains of four of the buildings of a medieval farmstead. These are all rectangular in plan and orientated with their long axes down the slope. They are from 11m to 35m in length and approximately 6m in width, the longest being subdivided into three rooms. Their walls stand over a metre in height and there are traces of outbuildings abutting two of them.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SX56NE-016, REF SX56NE-016, (1990)

National Grid Reference: SX 58528 67024

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010650 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 09:38:38.

End of official listing