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Upper Lyveden moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Upper Lyveden moated site

List entry Number: 1010662

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Northamptonshire

District: East Northamptonshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Pilton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jan-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13634

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Upper Lyveden moat lies in an unusual position on a hillside and illustrates the wide range of variation in the topographical setting of monuments of this type. The site is well preserved and largely undisturbed with partially waterlogged ditches and therefore has both archaeological and environmental potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This moated site lies to the north east of Lyveden Manor and is sited upon the higher slopes of the valley. The moat island is about 25m square and is surrounded by a flat bottomed ditch up to 2m deep which varies between 10m and 20m in width. Water for the moat ditches was supplied both by seepage down the hill side and by a spring. A bank about 2m high assisted water retention in the ditch on the south eastward, downhill side, and the widest ditch on the south east is still partially waterlogged. Around the site medieval pottery, including St Neots ware, has been found. The moat is historically documented as being a prestigious residence which was closely associated with the two fishponds and ploughed earthwork remains of the medieval village to the west. Finds nearby have included remains of kilns, and considerable quantities of medieval pottery. Both the fishponds and earthworks have been much altered and severely degraded by ploughing and are therefore excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, , Archaeological Sites in North East Northamptonshire , (1975), 73-4

National Grid Reference: SP 99019 86915

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010662 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 06:53:44.

End of official listing