Part of Eylesbarrow watershed reave
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1010670
Date first listed: 20-Feb-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 58441 67948
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time.
Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age, around 1700BC. They consist of simple linear stone banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
Eylesbarrow watershed reave is a major element in the reave system on south-west Dartmoor.
Eylesbarrow watershed reave can be traced from Cadworthy Wood to Eylesbarrow,
a distance of some 7.5km, separating the watershed of the Plym from that of
the Meavy. This part of the reave runs up the slope of Eylesbarrow from the
stream north of Scout Hut at its south-western end to streamworkings which
truncate its north-eastern end, a total distance of some 1.05km. The reave
consists of a bank of earth and stone up to 3m in width and 0.5m in height and
was the terminal reave for Roughtor parallel reave and another parallel reave.
Although it abuts these two reaves, for purposes of clarity and because they
are different reave forms, these three reaves have been defined as separate
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 10743
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Fleming, A, The Dartmoor Reaves, (1988)
SX56NE-278, SX56NE-278, (1990)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing