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Small multivallate hillfort on Drakelow Hill, 250m west of Solcum Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Small multivallate hillfort on Drakelow Hill, 250m west of Solcum Farm

List entry Number: 1010721

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Wyre Forest

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wolverley and Cookley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Oct-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19144

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Small multivallate hillforts are defined as fortified enclosures of varying shape, generally between 1 and 5ha in size and located on hilltops. They are defined by boundaries consisting of two or more lines of closely set earthworks spaced at intervals of up to 15m. These entirely surround the interior except on sites located on promontories, where cliffs may form one or more sides of the monument. They date to the Iron Age period, most having been constructed and occupied between the sixth century BC and the mid-first century AD. Small multivallate hillforts are generally regarded as settlements of high status, occupied on a permanent basis. Recent interpretations suggest that the construction of multiple earthworks may have had as much to do with display as with defence. Earthworks may consist of a rampart alone or of a rampart and ditch which, on many sites, are associated with counterscarp banks and internal quarry scoops. Access to the interior is generally provided by one or two entrances, which either appear as simple gaps in the earthwork or inturned passages, sometimes with guardrooms. The interior generally consists of settlement evidence including round houses, four and six post structures interpreted as raised granaries, roads, pits, gullies, hearths and a variety of scattered post and stake holes. Evidence from outside numerous examples of small multivallate hillforts suggests that extra-mural settlement was of a similar nature. Small multivallate hillforts are rare with around 100 examples recorded nationally. Most are located in the Welsh Marches and the south-west with a concentration of small monuments in the north-east. In view of the rarity of small multivallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the nature of settlement and social organisation within the Iron Age period, all examples with surviving archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

The small multivallate hillfort west of Solcum Farm survives well despite ploughing over many years and is a good example of the class. Archaeological material will survive in the interior of the site as indicated by the find of part of an Iron Age rotary quern on the site. Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the site was constructed will survive on the old land surface sealed beneath the banks and in the ditch fill. Such hillforts when considered in relationship to adjacent monuments, such as the similar hillfort at the northern end of Kinver Edge, provide important information concerning the settlement pattern, social structure and economy of the area during the Iron Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a small multivallate hillfort with an internal area of c.2ha situated on a small but steep sided promontory at the southern end of Kinver Edge. The earthwork ramparts include two substantial cross-banks which curve north west to south east across the neck of the spur to terminate at either end on precipitous natural slopes; these form the east side of the hillfort. Around the remaining three sides of the promontory the site relies solely on the natural steepness of the hill for defence. The overall dimensions of the hillfort are therefore 230m east to west by 160m north to south. The ramparts have been considerably reduced in height and spread by the action of ploughing over the years so that today the uphill, more southerly bank, stands 0.5m high on its uphill side, 1.7m on its downhill side and is spread to 28m wide. Below this bank is a 21m wide berm which merges with the lower bank to fall 1.7m to the natural hillslope. In their original form there would have been two banks with a ditch between. The lower half of a rotary quern, belonging to the Iron Age period and used for grinding grain to make flour, has been found on the site. The fence around the radar installations and the structures and ground within it are totally excluded from the scheduling. All metalled surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
SMR Record 08203,

National Grid Reference: SO 82183 80884

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010721 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 03:27:03.

End of official listing